Biography of Umar ( RA )

All Rights Reserved 漏

Summary

Umar I, in full 士Umar ibn al-Kha峁璽膩b, (born c. 586, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]鈥攄ied November 3, 644, Medina, Arabia), the second Muslim caliph (from 634), under whom Arab armies conquered Mesopotamia and Syria and began the conquest of Iran and Egypt. A ramadan special book by Ehzaan. May Allah bless his soul and rest him in peace. Ramadan special Book 2 Ramadan 2021

Status:
Complete
Chapters:
1
Rating:
n/a
Age Rating:
13+

Chapter 1

Umar I, in full 士Umar ibn al-Kha峁璽膩b, (born c. 586, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]鈥攄ied November 3, 644, Medina, Arabia), the second Muslim caliph (from 634), under whom Arab armies conquered Mesopotamia and Syria and began the conquest of Iran and Egypt.

A member of the clan of 士Ad墨 of the Meccan tribe of Quraysh, 士Umar at first opposed Muhammad but, in about 615, became a Muslim. By 622, when he went to Medina with Muhammad and the other Meccan Muslims, he had become one of Muhammad鈥檚 chief advisers, closely associated with Ab奴 Bakr. His position in the state was marked by Muhammad鈥檚 marriage to his daughter 岣f峁h in 625. On Muhammad鈥檚 death in 632, 士Umar was largely responsible for reconciling the Medinan Muslims to the acceptance of a Meccan, Ab奴 Bakr, as head of state (caliph). Ab奴 Bakr (reigned 632鈥634) relied greatly on 士Umar and nominated him to succeed him. As caliph, 士Umar was the first to call himself 鈥渃ommander of the faithful鈥 (am墨r al-mu示min墨n). His reign saw the transformation of the Islamic state from an Arabian principality to a world power.

Throughout this remarkable expansion, 士Umar closely controlled general policy and laid down the principles for administering the conquered lands. The structure of the later Islamic empire, including legal practice, is largely due to him. 士Umar established the d墨w膩n (a register of warriors鈥 pensions that over time evolved into a powerful governmental body), inaugurated the Islamic Hijr墨 calendar, and created the office of the qadi (judge). He also established the garrison cities of Al-Fus峁佱弓 in Egypt and Basra and K奴fah in Iraq.

In 644 士Umar was attacked by a Persian Christian slave named Ab奴 Lu示lu示ah and died from his wounds three days later. While he lay dying, 士Umar appointed a six-man council that eventually selected 士Uthm膩n ibn 士Aff膩n as his successor.

A strong ruler, stern toward offenders, and himself ascetic to the point of harshness, 士Umar was universally respected for his justice and authority. His role in decisively shaping the early Islamic community is widely acknowledged.


Please note that the story above was taken from

Continue Reading
Further Recommendations

Holly: Your novel was amazing and I really enjoyed reading your novel 鈾ワ笍 the storyline was fantastic and beautifully written 鈾ワ笍 and I can't wait to read more of your novels 鈾ワ笍鈾ワ笍鈾ワ笍

kessosiyoma3: I would recommend it to my girlfriend..we both loves reading novels and she also introduced some that she had read to me鈥鈥檓 glad I came across yours 1st.

Mushfiqa: Loved it! You're soo good! 馃挆

LynnMarie Lupe-Martini: Love this story is there another part to it

Leigh : I鈥檇 recommend this to 16+ audiences. I don鈥檛 like it didn鈥檛 have a psa at the beginning to tell us the end could be disturbing to some readers cause I鈥檓 sure some who read this might get a negative reaction from it. But everything else about this book I鈥檝e thoroughly enjoyed.

Vickkie: While you read this book, there is no dull moment. This was well written and is by far one of the best books I've ever read. Kudos to the author.

Priyanka: I really like your story . Keep it up. I really love how you express friendship, family and love relations. Lots of 鉂 馃槏 馃挅 鉂

aaparnapandey: I love reading your novels..Keep writingGood luck....................

Sherypher Mousah: Loved it every part of it.also liked the romance with out a love triangle always nice, thank you so much.

More Recommendations

Inga: I like everything about this novel. I鈥檇 recommend it to my friends it is really nice.

maggiev8mv: My favorite yet!!! You are developing well am looking forward to continuing to follow your journey. Thanks for sharing your talent

maggiev8mv: I enjoyed this story. You keep the pace going and added lots of plot twists.Only criticism would be there are places more detail would enhance the story. But that's just my opinion. I'm off to read the next story. Thank you for sharing

Jasmine Morales: Never had I loved such a series of books. That I can read over and over again and not get tired of it. I loved reading this book and the rest of the books that had in relation to this one. Definitely keeping this one and the others in my playlist. 100% recommending this book to others. 馃憣馃徏馃槏馃挄

sunnydlite88: I loved the story! It was the first time I had ever read about dragon shifters. I loved the shortness of the story.

About Us

Inkitt is the world鈥檚 first reader-powered publisher, providing a platform to discover hidden talents and turn them into globally successful authors. Write captivating stories, read enchanting novels, and we鈥檒l publish the books our readers love most on our sister app, GALATEA and other formats.