Lilly's Album

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The Jewish resistance of the Warsaw ghetto was established on July 28th 1942. Izio, who had joined the partisans, smuggled weapons to the resistance fighters and passed along instructions in order to coordinate the Jewish fighters inside the ghetto with the Polish partisans operating outside it. When the uprising began there were twenty-two combat units operating within the ghetto area.

On one of his trips into the ghetto, Izio met with Cesia and Jerzy, after having discovered where they lived.

When the uprising began he joined the Jewish resistance fighters. One day he and his friends where hiding in a building when the German storm troopers set the building ablaze. Trying to escape, he jumped from the balcony to his death. He died on May 16, 1943, at the age of twenty-one.

On September 10, 1942, Cesia and her son Jerzy, along with thousands of other Jews, were put on a train to the Treblinka death camp. It was the last transport out of the Warsaw ghetto; it led to the uprising against the Germans. Cesia was 46 years old when she died and Jerzy was seventeen.

Mozes died on a Sunday in December 1941 at the age of fifty-nine, when a Gestapo officer shot him in the heart after having stolen all his jewelry.

On September 19, 1942, two days before Yom Kippur, 5,000 Jews living in the ghetto of Wloszczowa were sent to the Treblinka death camp. Grandmother Paulina, Ida and her two sisters, Rosa, Berta and her husband and Dr. Herman and his children, Irena and Mietek, were among those sent to their deaths. The Germans left 180 Jews behind to dismantle and clean the ghetto. When their job was completed in December, the last members of the Wloszczowa ghetto were shot dead.

Stanislaw and Eugenia survived. In 1945 they moved to Toronto, Canada, where they lived until their death. They had no children. They visited Israel several times and met with their nephew, David.

David married Fela, a Jewish Polish girl whom he met in Novosibirsk. During the war he moved to Uzbekistan where his oldest son, Wladek, was born. He joined the Polish army in Russia and returned to Poland with the rank of captain. He then fought alongside the Red Army and reached as far as Berlin. After the war he moved to Stettin in Poland, where his second son was born. He named him Jerzy, after his cousin who had perished in the Holocaust.

David had heard from Stanislaw the story about the blackmail that Lolek perpetrated on his brother Izio and went looking for Lolek to take revenge but could not find him. He returned to Wloszczowa and received from a neighbor items that she had had for safekeeping, including Lilly’s album. In 1950, after a surge of anti-Semitism in Poland, he emigrated to Israel.

Adam Wolowelski, who became a doctor in Brest-Litovsk, did not survive. At the end of the war, in 1945, he was arrested by the Russian KGB, and sent to prison where he apparently perished. The mystery of his disappearance has never been resolved.

Stefania Friedberg survived when she fled to Russia with her husband Cezary Romanov. They were exiled to Siberia, where her husband died of an unknown illness. Stefania returned to Poland and married a Jewish refugee, and in 1951 they moved to Israel. Quite by chance, she met David in Tel Aviv.

Ilia Friedberg’s mother survived, and never returned to Poland. She remained in Russia and lived in the city of Kharkov, where she married and gave birth to a son who bore her two grandchildren. Her son eventually got divorced and the mother and her sons emigrated to the United States, where they live in New York.

Conductor and composer Julius Wolfson, Grandmother Paulina’s brother, who had emigrated to the United States before the war, died in 1944 of an illness in New York at the age of 64. In 1944, Izabela Grinevskaya died in Istanbul at the age of 80.

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